Property in Spain
Buying Property Spain
The Purchase Process & Information about Buying Your Dream Spanish Home
The purchase process – Deposits & payments
The purchase process is much the same for both re-sale properties & new build properties. Off plan new build properties, which are in the process of being built, are offered with a varying range of staged payments depending on the individual builder.
You can also purchase new build key ready properties that are ready for immediate occupation & the deposit is much the same as a re-sale property. Contact us directly to discuss opportunities.
Re-sale & new build key ready properties
Expect to pay a 3,000 euro non refundable reservation deposit, then 10% of the purchase price (less the 3,000 euros already paid) within 4 weeks & then the balance on completion. In some instances completion can be obtained in 4 / 6 weeks & therefore in these cases only a 3,000 euro deposit is required with the entire balance being due on completion.
The completion time depends on a numbers of factors. Your solicitor will undertake all the usual searches & obtain copies of all the latest bills. If you are purchasing with a mortgage then this will generally take 4 to 6 weeks to obtain & therefore completion will generally be 6 to 8 weeks. Buying property Spain.
Off Plan New Build Properties
Expect to pay a 3000 euro non refundable reservation deposit & a further payment of 25% to 40% of the purchase price within 30 – 60 days after reserving the property. The balance is due on completion. Completion will depend on the build time of the property. Each developer offers different build times & different payment structures and some are negotiable.
Make sure that you are fully aware of the actual planned build time & payment terms before you have made any financial commitment. Also that these terms are contained within your purchase contract. Our solicitors will of course may sure that you are fully aware of your financial commitments & that all documentation is correct. Buying property Spain.
The Purchase Process – NIE Numbers
All purchasers of all types of properties need to obtain an NIE number (fiscal number similar to UK NI number) prior to completion. This number is free from the Spanish authorities (except for a small tax charge of around 15 euros). It is still possible to obtain an NIE number in one day. However the foreigner’s office in Alicante where the numbers are issued are very busy. They limit the amount of applicants per day which means queuing in the middle of the night to get a ticket. There are companies and solicitors that will arrange this for you. This includes queuing through the night for a charge of around 100 to 150 euros per person.
You need your NIE number for when you go to the notary to complete the purchase but you can still start the purchase process without one. If you plan to reside in Spain for more than 180 days then you should also apply for a foreigner’s resident certificate. This is available the same day from a national police station. Again it is free from the Spanish authorities except for a small tax charge of around 10 euros. The paperwork is complicated & best left for a solicitor to sort out. The cost for this would be around 75 euros per person. Buying property Spain.
The Purchase Process – Taking Out A Spanish Mortgage
Despite the global credit crunch we are still able to offer very competitive mortgages to assist with your Spanish property purchase (subject to status). Obviously you will have to prove that you can comfortably afford the re-payments & that you have cash readily available for the balance. If you can do this then Spanish mortgages are relatively quick & straightforward to apply for. A property purchase with a mortgage should be completed within 4 to 6 weeks. Spanish mortgages are generally a little bit more expensive to set up than in the UK. We can offer mortgages with a bank opening commission from as low as 1% of the amount borrowed. You will also need to pay the bank valuation fee of around 300 euros. You may also be requested to take out buildings insurance & life assurance with the bank but we are able to offer very competitive rates. Average interest rates are currently around 4%. We can offer mortgages up to 70% of the property value. This means you will need cash for the 30% balance plus the additional purchase fees over & above the purchase price as outlined earlier. We can arrange your Spanish mortgage for you. There are numerous branches of all the major Spanish banks along the Costa Blanca & Costa Calida (significantly more bank branches than in major UK towns). All of our banks cater for British customers and we can offer bank accounts with current & deposit accounts, cheque books, credit & debit cards & internet & telephone banking all in English. You can even set up a sterling deposit account! We are currently working with most Spanish banks Lloyds TSB, your English bank in Spain.
Firstly you will need to open a bank account with the bank & the branch in which you intend to apply for a mortgage. To do this you will need just your passport. The bank will also need your NIE number but this can be given to the bank at a later stage. We will help you with the opening of your bank account & we can take you into your chosen branch if you want us to. You will need to pay around 300 euros into your new account to cover the cost of the bank valuation fee for the property you want to arrange a mortgage for. Within a few days of ordering the valuation a valuer will arrange to see the property. He/she will take measurements & pictures of the property, note down details of the property both inside & outside & look at the surrounding area, the amenities & infrastructure etc. Within a week or so the bank will receive the valuation report of the property & they will use this to calculate how much they are prepared to lend against the property, subject to your individual financial status. (Please note this is a property valuation report & not any kind of structural or property condition survey). Buying property Spain.
In order to offer you a mortgage the bank will need to see the following paperwork to prove that you qualify & can comfortably afford the re-payments :- If you are employed you will need to show the original copies your latest P60, your last 3 to 6 months wage / pay slips, your last 6 to 12 months bank statements showing your wages being paid in, proof that you have the cash balance readily available (usually savings accounts statements or similar), proof of any other regular forms of earnings (pensions, allowances etc.) & possibly an Experian credit report which is available free online. If you are self employed all of the above except instead of your P60 & wage / payslips you will need your latest personal / company tax calculations & returns. With all the correct paperwork supplied it is possible to get a mortgage offer, in principle, within 2 days. This can be done in advance of you coming to Spain. You can transfer money from the UK to your new Spanish bank account direct from your own bank or you can use one of the many specialist currency transfer companies. Remember you will get the business currency exchange rate which is always higher than the tourist rate offered by travel companies, the post office & some banks. The rate you will get will depend on the exchange rate at the time of transfer. The cost to send currency to a Spanish bank from the UK can vary from nothing to around £30.00 per transfer. Beware however that some Spanish banks charge to receive funds from an overseas bank and from other Spanish banks. Buying property Spain.
A typical charge is around .04% of the amount transferred. We can offer bank accounts that offer free international transfers. You can also use one of the specialist currency exchange companies (Currencies.co.uk plus others etc) who all guarantee that no receiving fees will be charged on your money upon arrival in your Spanish bank account. This means that if you transfer 100,000 euros to your Spanish bank account, then that is what you will receive in your account. It is a good idea to set up accounts (there is no cost for this) with several of the specialist currency exchange companies & play one off against the other to get the very best exchange rate. We can recommend currency exchange specialist & help you set up accounts with them. Buying property Spain.
The Purchase Process – Additional Purchasing Costs
On top of the agreed purchase price there are extra costs to pay. These are generally based on the declared value of the sale that is recorded in the escritura. The escritura is the title deed of the property that is drawn up & signed & handed over at the notary at the time of completion. In the past it has been customary for the declared value of the sale recorded in the escritura to be less than the actual purchase price because there are some tax savings but we recommend to all our vendors & purchasers that they should declare the true value of the sale because it could cause both the vendor & purchaser problems & cost them both money in the long run.
All purchases are completed at the notary & both parties have to be there in person or appoint a Spanish solicitor to be power of attorney for them (this is also done at the notary before the completion date & usually costs around 150 euros per person). This means that if a vendor or purchaser is not in Spain then they do not have to a come to Spain to complete as their power of attorney can complete on their behalf. Buying property Spain.
The additional costs are 10% sales / transfer tax based on the declared value of the sale recorded in the escritura (title deeds), various administration charges at the notary & a further 2% notary tax. If you are purchasing without a mortgage then we advise that you add an extra 13% onto the purchase price to cover these costs.
If you are purchasing with a mortgage then there are additional administration charges at the notary & a bank mortgage opening commission of around 1% of the mortgage amount. If you are purchasing with a mortgage then we advise that you add an extra 15% to 16% onto the purchase price to cover these costs. In addition if a mortgage is required then the bank will require you to take buildings, contents & life insurance cover out with them. Buying property Spain.
Finally for conveyencing a solicitor will charge around 600 to 800 euros to sell a property & around 800 to1400 euros to purchase a property. This depends on the solicitor you use.
This looks complicated but really is not & both our banks & solicitors will give an accurate & detailed illustration of all the extra costs, over & above the purchase price, given any individuals situation or circumstances & of course prior to any firm financial commitment being made. Buying property Spain.
The Purchase Process – Vendor’s Additional Costs
When agreeing a selling price for your property or deciding whether or not to to accept an offer you must fully understand the additional selling costs that you will incur as obviously this affects the final amount you will receive. You need to take into account all of the following :-
Your agents selling commission. This is either added to your agreed selling price or is a percentage taken from your selling price. Buying property Spain.
Your solicitors selling fees which should be around 600 to 800 euros.
You may have a small amount of money retained by your solicitor to cover any outstanding utility bills (water, electricity, gas, telephone etc.) any annual community fees that are due, your yearly Suma (council) tax (the legal owner of a property on the 1st of January of every year is legally obliged to pay the Suma tax for that year even if the property is sold on the 2nd of January)
Plus Valia tax. This is a tax paid to your local town hall on the perceived increased value of the land that your property sits on during the time that you have owned your property. If you have a large plot of land & have owned the property for a long time then the Plus Valia tax could run into 1,000’s of euros. More typically though for an average sized property in an urbanisation the cost is somewhere between 150 & 500 euros. If you are selling an apartment then the Plus Valia tax will be also most nothing.
Any outstanding mortgage. If you have an outstanding mortgage on the property you are selling then this will be automatically settled as part of the completion process. Most Spanish mortgages have a 1% early payment charge. This means that if you have an outstanding mortgage of 50,000 euros then there will be a charge of 500 euros. However you must check with your bank as sometimes the 1% is based on the initial amount of the mortgage rather than the outstanding amount. This means that if you owed 50,000 euros but originally borrowed 100,000 euros then the 1% early payment charge would be 1,000 euros & not 500 euros. Also there will be a further notary charge of around 800 euros to strike the mortgage from the notary records. Buying property Spain.